The Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) is a new core program that was introduced through SAFETEA-LU, and specifically focused on improving road safety. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) division offices located in each state manages program implementation, review states' annual highway improvement program reports, and provides oversight of program funding.
The amount of HSIP funds allocated to each state is primarily based on three factors, each carrying equal weight: (1) the number of persons killed in crashes; (2) lane miles of roads; (3) vehicle-miles traveled. The Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) has decided to sub-allocate 20 percent of all HSIP funds that the state receives each fiscal year i.e. 20% of approximately $29 million to all Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) and Councils of Governments (COGs) in the state based on a formula. Starting in fiscal year (FY) 2010, MAG will be receiving $1 million in HSIP funds each year for programming projects that would meet the approval of FHWA and ADOT. A further 10 percent of HSIP funds has been allocated as flexible funds for non-infrastructure safety programs identified in the state's Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP), to be administered by ADOT. The largest portion of HSIP funds, accounting for 70 percent, has been set aside for addressing safety improvements on all public roads in the state. The process for the application of 70 percent of HSIP for addressing necessary road safety improvements across the entire state has not been finalized by ADOT as yet.
A large part of the state's overall road safety problem exists in Maricopa County. Crash records for the last 10 years indicate that nearly 40 percent of all road deaths and 66 percent of crashes with serious injuries in Arizona occur on the roads in Maricopa County. Within Maricopa County, nearly 80 percent of all road deaths and serious injuries occur on the arterial and local road system with only 20 percent on the freeway/expressway system.
The MAG Transportation Safety Committee, in consultation with FHWA and ADOT, developed a expedited process to identify and program projects for the FY 2010. A total of 16 projects from 10 MAG member agencies were programmed for FY 2010. The committee is currently working on a process for programming new safety projects for FY 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014.